Tea Party involved
the colonists, the British Parliament, and the East India Company.
Boston Tea Party was the
result of many different things. The first was when
Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in 1767. The Townshend Acts
included a tax on tea, which was representing that Parliament could tax
the colonies without their approval. The Townshend Acts were repealed,
except for the tax on tea. The Tea Act was passed in 1773 to help the
British tea company East India Company get out of bankruptcy. This act
made it so East India Company was the only company allowed to sell tea
in the colonies, giving them a monopoly. The monopoly allowed them to
sell their tea at a ridiculous price. Tea merchants were enraged by the
monopoly, so they decided to work with the Sons of Liberty. Samuel
led the Sons of Liberty. The Daughters of Liberty said, "Rather than
part with freedom, we'll part with tea".Tea merchants refused to accept
the tea from East India Company, but the leader in Boston (Thomas
Hutchinson) wanted to follow the law. He allowed the three tea carrying
ships (the Dartmouth, Eleanor, and Beaver) into the harbor. On the
night of December 16th, 1773 60 colonists dressed in headdresses and
blankets (to imitate Mohawk Indians) dumped 342 chests of tea into
Boston Harbor. The tea was worth 18,000 pounds or $28,829.70 at that
time, and $1,000,000 today.
The Boston Tea Party resulted in Parliament passing the Coercive Acts which closed the Boston Harbor until all the tea that was ruined was paid for. There were also more rules that harshly oppressed the colonists. The Boston Tea Party was a major tipping point towards war for many colonists.
|"Boston Tea Party." History.
History Channel, 2016. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.
"Boston Tea Party." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2016. Web. 9 Feb. 2016. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/15841>.
Broussard, Albert S., and Donald A. Ritchie. "Building Colonial Unity." The American Journey. By Joyce Oldham. Appleby, Alan Brinkley, and James M. McPherson. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 1998. 126-27. Print.